Wood is been used since ages for making furniture for homes. The natural beauty and durability of wood furniture is the reason we still prefer using wooden furniture. There are different species of timber and each of them has unique qualities.
Different Types of Hardwoods
1. Mahogany is finely grained wood with reddish brown color. It is popular for its durability and can resist swelling, shrinking and warping. Extensively used for quality furniture such as wooden cabinets, boat construction, wood facings, dining table sets, nested tables etc.
Walnut is work with, has fine texture and is very strong. It is similar to mahogany and can resist shrinking and warping and all types of finishes. Usually, used for making gunstocks, solid and veneered furniture, novelties, cabinetry and wall paneling.
WalnutOak being a Harwood bends so easily making it easy to make furniture. It is also strong. For making bookshelves and cabinets it’s the best choice as it resists to moisture and warping. It is also used for outdoor furniture to treat chemically. Oak comes in two basic varieties – red and white. Oak wood furniture is known for its attractive finish and grain pattern.
It is one of the most versatile species of timber and has a fine texture. It has a rich brown colour and is highly durable. This hardwood is resistant towards warping and shrinking. As this species is easy to work with, it is extensively used for crafting solid wooden furniture like coffee tables, dining tables, etc.
Oak has good bending qualities apart from being durable. It finishes well and resists moisture absorption. Oak is good for furniture, trimming, boat framing, wooden desks and flooring.
Maple is a fine textured wood with immense strength and hardness. Maple, shrink moderately. Maple machines are used in flooring and fine furniture and woodenware such as bowling alleys.
Cherry is close-grained wood and as resists warping and shrinking. It gets red when exposed to sunlight. It ages well and extensively used in cabinet making, boat trim, novelties and solid furniture handles, Wooden jhula/Swing etc.
Variety of hardwood has a close grain pattern and is easy to work with. It is strong, durable and resistant towards warping. This timber is easy to detail for decorative carving and is in demand for making solid wood furniture like shelves, cabinets, tables, etc.
Rosewood, is close grained hard wood with dark reddish brown color. It has an exclusive fragrance. It is hard to work upon and takes high polish. It is good for making musical instruments, piano cases, tool handles, art projects, veneers and furniture.
This hardwood is popular for its appealing fragrance and comes in a variety of shades, from dark reddish-brown to more golden-brown hues. Although it is close grained and hard to work with, “Rosewood” is strong, durable and responds well to polishing.
This variety of lumber is soft, light in weight and has a reddish tint. It has straight grains, a medium texture and absorbs finishes very well. It is a durable species and is resistant towards insects and decay. As such, it is used for making both indoor as well as outdoor wood furniture.
9. Teak: is a hard and moisture- resistant wood. It resists warping, cracking and decay and is best used in fine furniture, paneling, shipbuilding, doors, window framing, flooring and as a general construction wood.
This hardwood scores high in durability and stability. Its weather-resistant qualities make it an ideal choice for creating outdoor furniture like benches and lounge chairs. It is also used to craft indoor furniture like beds and wardrobes. It is resistant towards warping, rotting and splintering. Teak wood furniture has a smooth texture.
Shesham is also known as Indian Rosewood. It is a rich medium brown wood with deep grains.
Types of Softwoods
Pine has a uniform texture and is very easy to work with. It finishes well and resists shrinkage, swelling and warping. It is widely used in house construction, paneling, furniture, molding and for making wooden boxes.
This softwood has tight and uniform grains. Though Pine is not as durable as other species of timber, it is extremely popular. Most species of Pine are resistant to swelling and warping, and a few varieties are quite stable, making it a good material for creating many types of furniture, for both indoor and outdoor use.
Hemlock is lightweight and machines well. It is uniformly textured and has low resistance to decay. It’s used in constructing lumber, planks, doors, boards, paneling, sub flooring and crates.
Fir is uniformly textured and has low resistance to decay. It is nonresinous, works easy and finishes well. Fir is used for making furniture, doors, frames, windows, plywood, veneer, general millwork and interior trim.
Redwood is great for making outdoor furniture, fencing, house sliding etc. It has natural resistance to decay.
Spruce is a strong wood that finishes well and has low resistance to decay. It is light in weight and posses moderate shrinkage. It’s often used in making masts and spars for ships, aircraft, crates, boxes, general millwork and ladders.
Cedar is a reddish wood with pleasant aroma. Very easy to work with, has a uniform texture and is resistant to insects and decay. This variety of softwood is highly durable and used extensively for making storage chests, decorative panels etc.
There are different types of wood, made using wooden sheeting. These types come in various types of wood ranging from 4 mm to 24 mm in thickness.
Medium Density Fiber Board
MDF, made from powdered wood, bonded with glue and compressed to form the sheets. It is soft and easy to work with. Used in interior projects especially for cupboards and shelving.
Chipboard is made like MDF but from actual wood chips. Kitchen furniture is often made from Chipboard which it is covered with a laminate.
Plywood is made from thin laminates of wood glued together. Each layer is at right angle to the grain of the other. It is very strong but also quite flexible, especially if there are thinner sheets. It is used widely in the building industry.
Some types of wood are very hard and some are flexible. “Hardwood” is one of the common types of wood, obtained from trees that lose their leaves in winter. “Softwood” is obtained from evergreen trees like fir, pine and redwood.Now that you know a little more about the woods that go into making your furniture, Give a modern look to your home should be easier to pick out the perfect wood for making customizes furniture.
Tell us which wood do you use in your furniture.